SURRENDER: Who Is The Most Holy? by Jean-Pierre de Caussade

There is no spiritual path more secure than that of giving yourself entirely to God.

Who Is The Most Holy? by Jean-Pierre de Caussade

From The Joy of Full Surrender

The will of God gives a supernatural and divine value to everything for the soul that is submitted to it.  All the duties God’s will imposes, all those contained in it, all the matters it touches, become holy and perfect, because the will of God is unlimited in power and makes everything it touches divine.

But in order not to stray either to the right or the left, we should follow such inspirations we believe we have received from God only if we are sure that they will not take us from the duties of our state of life.  These duties are the most certain manifestations of God’s will, and we should prefer nothing above them.  In them there is nothing to fear, nothing to exclude, nothing to be chosen.  The moments given to such duties are the most precious and most healthful for our souls because we are sure of accomplishing God’s holy will.  The entire virtue of what we call holiness lies in faithfulness to what God ordains.  Therefore we must refuse nothing and seek after nothing, but accept everything that is ordained from him.

Books and wise counsels, vocal prayer and inward affections, when they are in accord with his will, instruct, guide, and unite us with him.  In condemning the use of these means and everything that pertains to the senses, quietism erred greatly, for there are souls that God intends to keep always in this way.  Their state of life and their leadings show this clearly enough.  It is foolish to picture any kind of self-surrender in which all personal activity is excluded.  When God requires action, holiness is to be found in activity.

Besides the duties imposed on everyone by the circumstances of their life, God may require certain actions that are not included in these duties, though not in any way contrary to such duties.  A leading and inspiration are then the signs of God’s approval.  Those who are led by God in this way will find a greater perfection by adding the things that are inspired to those that are commanded, taking the necessary precautions to make sure that these inspirations do not interfere with the duties of our state and the happenstances of Providence.  God makes saints as he chooses.  They are always made according to his plan and in conformity with his will.  This conformity is the truest and most perfect surrender of self.

The duties of one’s state of life and what comes from divine Providence are common to all the saints and are what God arranges for everyone in general.  The saints live hidden from the world, for the world is so fatal to holiness that they wish to avoid the world’s quicksand.  But their holiness does not consist in this.  Rather, it is in their surrender to the will of God.  The more absolute this surrender becomes, the greater their holiness.

We must not look at those whose inner leadings and inspirations are unquestionably valid, and whose virtues are shown in unusual and extraordinary ways, and then conclude that these extraordinary gifts exempt them from self-surrender.  As soon as God’s will makes duties of these astonishing actions, if they were to refuse to do them simply to fulfill their ordinary duties or the usual inspirations of Providence, they would be resisting God.  In that case his holy will would no longer be in charge of the moment, and it would mean they had ceased to practice self-surrender.  They must consider their duties in keeping with the designs of God, and follow the path designated by their particular leadings.  To carry out their inspirations would then become a duty to which they must be faithful.

And just as there are souls whose whole duty is defined by outward laws, and who should not go beyond it, because God’s will has so ordained, so there are others who, in addition to exterior duties, are obliged to be faithful to the inward law imprinted on their hearts.  Each of us must follow the path appointed for us.  Perfection consists in complete surrender to the will of God, and in fulfilling our normal duties in the most perfect manner possible.

But which state is most perfect?  A vain and idle question!  To compare the different states as they are in themselves can be of no help to us, since perfection is not found in the amount of work or in the sort of duties given to us.  If self-love is the motive of our action, or if it is not immediately crushed when discovered, our supposed abundance of good works will in truth be absolute poverty because it is not coming from God’s will.

To give some answer to the question, however, I think that holiness can be measured by the love we have for God, and our desire to please him.  The more his will is our guiding principle, and the more we conform to and love his plans, the greater will be our holiness, no matter what means we use.  This is what we notice in Jesus, Mary, and Joseph.  In their separate lives there is more of love than of greatness, more of the spirit than of matter.  It is not written that they searched for holiness of circumstances, but rather holiness in all their circumstances.  It must therefore be concluded that one way is not more perfect than another, but that the most perfect way is the one that most closely conforms to God’s revealed will, whether it means exterior duties or inward attitudes.

2 Comments on SURRENDER: Who Is The Most Holy? by Jean-Pierre de Caussade

  1. // October 27, 2017 at 4:57 am // Reply

    This is interesting; but as I am now over 60 and a woman, I don’t relate at all to the theme of surrender, and wonder how much of this is basically a gendered expression. Very few men experience surrender of will the way women are socialised to do from infancy onward, and, in religious patriarchies, specifically to surrender to men.

    Just a thought…

    Sent from my iPad



    • Hi. I, too, am a woman who is over 60 years old. Through my visions I learned that surrender can be seen as an entire realm of God. We all have to surrender to the circumstances of our lives that we cannot avoid. The grief, loss, loneliness, anger, etc. For me, the key to surrender is faith. I will share with you that I have found the practice of surrender to be, in truth, a path to peace. When we connect with our faith in God and really just let that lead us when we are lost and confused, we learn a new kind of strength. And, more importantly, we learn that we can lean on that faith no matter what. And it can give a real sense of tranquility.


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