From: Good Goats
Does Jesus’s descent into hell to be with those who seem to have rejected God violate free will? Or, could it be that by his loving and healing presence to those in hell, Jesus restores free will? Free will has often been defined as the capacity to say, “Yes,” or, “No,” to God. However, Karl Rahner and other theologians suggest that free will is the capacity to choose in a God-like way. Thus a truly free person paradoxically, like God, can only choose the good. Saying, “No,” to God is not a sign of free will but rather of how a person still needs healing in order to become free. Once healed and truly free, that person, like Jesus, can only say, “Yes,” to God. Thus, summarizing Rahner, John Sachs writes,
Human freedom is simply and most radically the capacity for God, not the capacity for either God or something else. Human freedom is created for one end alone: God. Only God finally “defines” the human person. Therefore, it would seem that human freedom can attain real finality only when it reaches the definitiveness for which it is specifically created.